Natural Theology



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An argument from religious experience seeks use certain experiences of individuals to provide weight to the hypothesis that God exists. There are several important considerations, however: Many people from different religious backgrounds make claims to religious experience An individual’s experience cannot examined by others These two facts make these types […]

Argument from Religious Experience



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Christianity, as a religion rooted in history, makes claims that can in important measure be investigated historically. Suppose, then, that we approach the New Testament writings, not as inspired Scripture, but merely as a collection of Greek documents coming down to us out of the first century, without any assumption […]

William Lane Craig’s Minimal Facts Argument



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  Definitions: Fine Tuning: “Fine-tuning refers to the surprising precision of nature’s physical constants, and the beginning state of the Universe. To explain the present state of the universe, even the best scientific theories require that the physical constants of nature and the beginning state of the Universe have extremely […]

Fine Tuning of the Universe for Life


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Natural Theology – the enterprise of providing reasons and arguments for the existence of God independent of Scripture A Posteriori – arguments dependent on experience or empirical evidence Cosmological Arguments – facts about the universe Teleological Arguments – evidences for design Historical Arguments – evidence from the past A Priori – arguments independent […]

The Ontological Argument


Introduction The moral argument is one of a family of arguments attempt to show that the existence of God is plausible given some basic beliefs (These arguments are called “transcendental arguments” – these are arguments that try to show that some propositions X are necessary conditions for Y).  This argument shows […]

The Moral Argument


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This argument is based upon an argument originally proposed by the famous mathematician and Christian apologist Gottfried Leibniz. It is a type of cosmological argument that does not invoke the beginning of the universe, but rather the explanatory structure of the universe. Definitions Necessity: A being’s existence is metaphysically necessary […]

Argument from Contingency



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Introduction Cosmological arguments are a family of arguments attempting to show that the universe requires a first cause or sufficient reason (see: Lebnizian Contingency argument) to explain its existence. The form of the argument we will deal with is espoused by W. L. Craig and began in the 3rd and 4th […]

Kalam Cosmological Argument