In a Nutshell… The issue of origins is knotty topic. In order to address it properly, there are several important distinctions to keep in mind. First, the age of the universe vs evolution – the old earth does not have any bearing on the diversity of life. Second, the scientific data vs […]

Evolution or Creation or Both?

In the United States, for a reason that is incomprehensible to me, Evangelical Christianity has become associated with strong political stances on a number of issues. Some of these stances, like abortion, make sense, but others, notably environmental issues and the perception that Christians are out to exploit and destroy nature, […]

What is the Christian Response to Climate Change?

Modern skepticism concerning the gospel miracles first asserted itself by denying the miraculous nature of the events. Soon, however, the historicity of the events themselves was denied. Behind this skepticism lay the broad conception of a Newtonian world-machine, the arguments of Spinoza against the possibility of miracles, and the arguments […]

Hume’s Argument Against Miracles

  Definitions: Fine Tuning: “Fine-tuning refers to the surprising precision of nature’s physical constants, and the beginning state of the Universe. To explain the present state of the universe, even the best scientific theories require that the physical constants of nature and the beginning state of the Universe have extremely […]

Fine Tuning of the Universe for Life

This argument is based upon an argument originally proposed by the famous mathematician and Christian apologist Gottfried Leibniz. It is a type of cosmological argument that does not invoke the beginning of the universe, but rather the explanatory structure of the universe. Definitions Necessity: A being’s existence is metaphysically necessary […]

Argument from Contingency

Introduction Cosmological arguments are a family of arguments attempting to show that the universe requires a first cause or sufficient reason (see: Lebnizian Contingency argument) to explain its existence. The form of the argument we will deal with is espoused by W. L. Craig and began in the 3rd and 4th […]

Kalam Cosmological Argument